China’s Supreme People’s Court and Supreme People’s Protectorate has issued a statement outlining penalties for disseminating outline rumors. Internet users who spread information considered defamatory could now face charges for libel under a new interpretation of the law; cases considered serious could earn jail sentences of up to three years. During a press release on September 9, court spokesperson Sun Jungong outlined the criteria for posts to be considered to be “gravely harmful to social order or the national interest,” which included exploiting sensitive topics, concocting rumors, misleading the masses, and causing public unrest. This legislation will also crack down on instances of defamation that cause significant distress for victims and their families, and organizations that profit from spreading and removing slanderous online rumors. (BBC, China Daily, September 9; People’s Daily, September 10; New York Times, September 11, 2013)