On Tuesday, Oct. 1, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce released a list of weapons manufacturing items banned from export to North Korea. According to a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hong Lei, the export ban is intended to help enforce U.N. resolutions, in order “to encourage denuclearization on the Korean peninsula.” The 236-page list also includes technology that could be used in chemical and biological weapons programs, as well as for civilian purposes. Hong says the list confirms China’s commitment to upholding U.N. sanctions. A senior white house official responded to the news, saying that analysts will have to closely observe the ban’s implementation in order to tell how serious the restrictions will be. (BBC, Reuters, Sept. 24; New York Times, Sept. 30, 2013)