Category: Economy and Trade

China Program’s Africa-US-China Trilateral Cooperation Timeline

This page serves as a timeline of the Carter Center China Program’s involvement in Africa-US-China trilateral cooperation from 2015 to 2019. March 5-6, 2015 1st Africa-China-US Consultation for Peace and Development was held at The Carter Center with a focus on China-US cooperation in Sudan and South Sudan. January 13-14, 2016 2nd Africa-China-US Consultation for Peace and Development was held at The Carter Center. In addition to Ambassadors Zhong and Lyman, Ambassador Mohamed Chambas, UN Secretary General Special Envoy to Africa participated in the consultation via telephone from New York. A list of 36 recommendations on trilateral cooperation was developed at this consultation. Per suggestion from Ambassador Chambas, the Consultation began to look at the prospect of trilateral cooperation on anti-piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. July 26, 2016 3rd Africa-China-US Consultation for Peace and Consultation was held in Lomé, Togo. The Foreign Ministry of the Togo government sponsored the meeting. The meeting focused on maritime security in West Africa. November 17-18, 2016 Following the meeting held in Lomé, a technical workshop on trilateral cooperation on maritime security was held in Beijing. For the first time, military representatives from Africa, China and the US all attended the meeting. March 2017 An article entitled “Where Beijing, Washington, and African Governments Can Work Together: From Competition to Cooperation” was published online by Foreign Affairs. The article was coauthored by Ambassadors Princeton Lyman, Zhong Jianhua, Mohamed...

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Turbulent Waters: (Mis)Managing the Rise of China by Robert S. Ross

“The U.S.-China power transition is approaching a critical juncture. The rapid improvement of China’s relative economic influence and naval capabilities in East Asia has challenged the East Asian security order and long-standing U.S. regional security interests. And as the gap in U.S.-China maritime capabilities continues to narrow, the challenge of maintaining regional stability and great power peace will grow. In these rapidly changing strategic circumstances, the demand for moderate and judicious U.S.-Chinese leadership is especially acute.” From Turbulent Waters: (Mis)Managing the Rise of China by Robert S. Ross, professor of Political Science, Boston College. Written for the Carter Center’s symposium to commemorate President Carter’s 1979 decision to normalize relations with China. View or download the paper...

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China and America: The Age of Realist Geoeconomics by William H. Overholt

“Post-World War II Asia experienced a transformation of the strategic environment, defined by two changes. For the first time, human beings learned how to grow emerging economies from 7-10 percent annually, a marked change from the industrial revolution’s then-novel 2 percent that fueled creation of the British empire, and from the 3-4 percent that undergirded the emergence of Meiji Japan and of U.S. global dominance. Second, military technology became so destructive that pursuing national greatness in the old way, by seizing neighbors’ territory, usually became at best a path to Pyrrhic victory. This increase in the destructiveness of military technology was not confined to nuclear weapons; conventional air power, sea power, infantry firepower, and even improvised explosive devices are vastly more destructive than in earlier eras. These changes empowered countries whose national strategies deemphasized the traditional way of becoming an important power, namely using the military to seize large amounts of territory from neighbors, and empowered countries whose national strategies gave priority to economic competition. This shift did not mean that the military ever became unimportant; successful defense remained vital. But countries like North Korea and the Soviet Union, which gave overwhelming priority to the military, lost to countries like the U.S., Japan, South Korea, Indonesia and China, which gave priority to building their economies and assigned the military the role of protecting an economics-priority national strategy.” From China and America: The...

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China’s Economic Transformation: A Threat to the Liberal Global Order? by Arthur R. Kroeber

“In the phrase of Council on Foreign Relations scholar Elizabeth Economy, “China is an illiberal state seeking leadership in a liberal world order.” This is an unpleasant fact for analysts and policy makers who believed for years that China’s general trajectory under “reform and opening” was towards a less statist economy and a more liberal state whose values and interests were increasingly consistent with those of the global economic system. The central question today therefore is whether, as it gains global influence, China will be generally supportive of the existing global economic system, cause that system to change in significant ways, or result in a dissolution of the present order and its replacement by something else. The answer to this question depends to a great degree on the time frame one uses to describe China’s trajectory. Here we will consider three: the 40 years since the launch of Reform and Opening in 1978, the two decades since the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98, and the decade since the American financial crisis of 2008.” From China’s Economic Transformation: A Threat to the Liberal Global Order? by Arthur R. Kroeber, nonresident Senior Fellow, Brookings-Tsinghua Center and adjunct professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. Written for the Carter Center’s symposium to commemorate President Carter’s 1979 decision to normalize relations with China. View or download the paper...

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The United States and China from Partners to Competitors by Harry Harding

“Although the collapse of the Soviet Union had eliminated the common threat that had brought China and the U.S. together in the 1960s and 1970s, there were other reasons to prevent a return to continued confrontation. For the U.S, the economic growth being generated by China’s policy of reform and opening meant that China would play an increasingly important role in Asia and even globally. For China, positive ties with the United States were essential to the success of that policy, given the importance of American capital and American markets. For both governments, therefore, the Sino-American relationship was too important to fail.” From The United States and China from Partners to Competitors by Harry Harding, professor of Public Policy at University of Virginia; visiting professor of Social Science at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Written for the Carter Center’s symposium to commemorate President Carter’s 1979 decision to normalize relations with China. View or download the paper...

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Trump Timeline

Stay up to date with the timeline of Trump and the Trump Administration’s China Policies.

SR: The Week’s China Reads

Robert A. Kapp Bio picture

Every week, China Program’s Senior Advisor Dr. Robert A. Kapp compiles a reading list and provides commentary, for you to better understand China.

Robert A. Kapp is senior advisor to the China Program at the Carter Center. He has been principal of Robert A. Kapp and Associates, a business consulting firm, since 2004. From 1994 through 2004 he served as President of the United States-China Business Council…